Over the last two decades, agile methods have been adopted by an increasing number of organizations to improve their software development processes. In contrast to traditional methods, agile methods place more emphasis on flexible processes than on detailed upfront plans and heavy documentation. Since agile methods have proved to be successful at the team level, large organizations are now aiming to scale agile methods to the enterprise level by adopting and applying so-called scaling agile frameworks such as Large-Scale Scrum (LeSS) or Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe). Although there is a growing body of literature on large-scale agile development, literature documenting actual experiences related to scaling agile frameworks is still scarce. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a case study on the adoption and application of LeSS in four different products of a German automobile manufacturer. Based on seven interviews, we present how the organization adopted and applied LeSS, and discuss related challenges and success factors. The comparison of the products indicates that transparency, training courses and workshops, and change management are crucial for a successful adoption.
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